PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

 

JET FUEL

Jet fuel or aviation turbine fuel (ATF) is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines. It is colourless to straw - colored in appearance. The most commonly used fuels for commercial aviation are Jet A and Jet A-1 (kerosene – type fuels). The primary difference between the two is freeze point, the temperature at which wax crystals disappear in a laboratory test.

 

DIESEL FUEL

Diesel fuel, also called diesel oil, combustible liquid used as fuel for diesel engines, ordinarily obtained from fractions of crude oil that are less volatile than the fractions used in gasoline. In diesel engines the fuel is ignited not by a spark, as in gasoline engines, but by the heat of air compressed in the cylinder, with the fuel injected in a spray into the hot compressed air.

 

GASOLINE

Gasoline also called gas or petrol, mixture of volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbons derived from petroleum and used as fuel for internal-combustion engines. It is also used as a solvent for oils and fats. Originally a by-product of the petroleum industry (kerosene being the principal product), gasoline became the preferred automobile fuel because of its high energy of combustion and capacity to mix readily with air in a carburetor.

 

BASE OIL

There are three types of base oils: mineral, vegetable, and synthetic. Mineral oil comes from crude oil and the quality depends on the refining process. Synthetic oils are man-made fluids and can be beneficial for use in extreme conditions.